Tehnologija

Naučnici koji su otkrili virus Hepatitisa C dobitnici Nobelove nagrade

Tri naučnika koji su otkrili virus Hepatitis C dobitnici su Nobelove nagrade za medicinu ili fiziologiju za 2020. godinu.

Dobitnici su britanski naučnik Michael Houghton i američki istraživači Harvey Alter i Charles Rice.

Komitet za Nobelovu nagradu saopćio je da su njihova otkrića “spasila milione života”, javio je BBC.

Virus je čest uzrok raka jetre i glavni razlog zašto je ljudima potrebna transplantacija jetre.

Šezdesetih godina prošlog vijeka postojala je velika zabrinutost da ljudi koji primaju doniranu krv dobivaju hronični hepatitis (upala jetre) od nepoznate, misteriozne bolesti.

Komitet za Nobelovu nagradu podsjetio je da je tada transfuzija krvi bila poput “ruskog ruleta”.

Visoko osjetljivi testovi krvi znače da su takvi slučajevi sada eliminirani u mnogim dijelovima svijeta, a razvijeni su i efikasni antivirusni lijekovi.

– Po prvi put u historiji bolest se sada može izliječiti, što nam daje nadu u iskorjenjivanje virusa hepatitisa C u potpunosti – saopćio je komitet.

Međutim, virus još uvijek zarazi 70 miliona ljudi godišnje i uzrokuje smrt oko 400.000 ljudi.

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